Patricia Yocie Hierofani
Feminist perspective in analysing international labour migration is my main academic interest. I am currently leading a project on home-based care provision for elderly immigrants by their relatives in Sweden. In addition to research, I am teaching interdisciplinary courses within social sciences, with gender, economic/labour geography and international migration issues as the focus.
Keywords: qualitative methods gender labour geography feminist post-colonial theories international migration
My research interest is primarily on issues related to female and low-waged migrant workers. Currently I am leading a project on home-based care provision for elderly immigrants by their relatives in Sweden. I previously led a literature review project about working conditions of eldercare workers. Previously I was involved in a literature review project on the role of worker centres in promoting and protecting fundamental principles and rights at work for low-waged, immigrant, and female labourers. My PhD research was about power relations between Indonesian migrant domestic workers and their Malaysian employers. Prior to PhD, I was also involved as a project assistant in a research about the (dis)engagement of transnational civil society organisations in global governance (Transdemos).
Ongoing research project:
Aging in a Foreign Country (January 2021-May 2022, project leader)
Elderly immigrants have similar to care needs of the elderly in general, but their migration background adds a layer of complexity to their needs. Exclusion, as well as filial care ideal, may hinder elderly immigrants from seeking public social services, and thus rely on care provision at home from their relatives. Since care givers among immigrants are usually younger than general care givers, caring for elderly relatives may affect their social and economic integration in the society. This project aims to study home-based care provision for elderly immigrants in Sweden by their relatives and its intergenerational implications. This will be achieved through qualitative interviews with elderly immigrants, their caregiving relatives and municipal social services providers. The one-year project is funded by the Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare (Forte), nr. 2020-01555. Micheline van Riemsdijk is also involved in this project.
Previous research projects:
Working Conditions of Eldercare Workers: A Knowledge Base and Future Research Agenda (Nov 2020-Jan 2022, project leader)
The high number of Covid-19-related deaths among the elderly, including in Sweden, have raised issues of precarious employment and working conditions for eldercare workers. Migrant and minority ethnic care workers have a higher risk to be infected by Covid-19 as they are overrepresented in the caregiving workforce in many countries. This called for a need to synthesise the knowledge on working conditions of eldercare workers by taking gender, racial/ethnic and other socioeconomic characteristics of the workers into account. The project synthesised scientific, empirical-based, and state-of-the-art knowledge on working conditions of eldercare workers around the world and to identify future research needs for sustainable working conditions in the face of the current pandemic. A scoping review of articles published in English in international scientific journals between 2000-2020 was carried out to achieve the aim. A consultation with national, regional and local actors in care provision in Sweden was included as part of the process to ensure that the results were relevant to current needs. This project was funded by the Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare (Forte), nr. 2020-01493. Also involved in this project was Micheline van Riemsdijk.
Worker Centres from A Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work Lens (Apr-June 2020)
Migrant, temporary, and unskilled workers employed in the informal and low-waged sectors have been considered ‘unorganisable’ by labour unions due to their irregular employment forms. While changes in labour unions are happening, other actors such as worker centres are filling in the void of representation for these vulnerable workers. Studies on worker centres have grown significantly since the 2000s, but the geographical scope of these studies is mostly within the US. Outside the US, these centres tend to take other, but similar forms, such as community unions in Japan, or worker associations in Hong Kong. This project extensively collected and reviewed international scientific literature on worker centres between 2000 and 2020, as well as relevant reports by governmental and non-governmental organisations. The final report included analyses regarding: (1) contextualisation of worker centres in specific migration and labour regimes where they operate; (2) incorporation of gender and intersectional perspective in the worker centres’ activities; (3) worker centres as safe and autonomous spaces; and (4) examples of good practices. The project was commissioned by the International Labour Organization (ILO). The project was led by Miguel Martínez, involving researchers from Sweden and Italy.
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